Guernsey Chronology

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Contents

Guernsey Timeline

This timeline outlines some of the main events in Guernsey's history. We are very grateful to Dr Darryl Ogier of the Island Archives Service for his major contribution to getting this started.

BC

Year Event
c. 8,000 Changes in sea levels separate Guernsey from the European mainland.
c. 6,500 Evidence of hunting and fishing in Guernsey.
c. 4,500 Evidence of settlements and farming.
c. 2000 Earliest defence earthworks at Jerbourg.

AD to 1000

Year Event
c 150 Evidence of Roman settlement in Guernsey.
c 525 St Sampson visits Guernsey.
867 The Channel Islands become part of Breton kingdom.
c 911 Franks surrender part of Normandy to its first duke, by the so-called 'Treaty of St-Clair-sur-Epte'.
933 Further territories, 'the land of the Bretons on the seashore', perhaps including the Channel Islands, ceded to Normans.

11th Century

Year Event
c 1020 Grant of fiefs in Guernsey, each comprising about one half of the island, by Richard II, Duke of Normandy, to the Vicomtes of the Bessin and Cotentin respectively.
1027/35 Duke Robert I grants half of Guernsey, confiscated from Ranulf son of Anschitil, Vicomte of the Bessin, to the Abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel.
1035 William the Conqueror becomes Duke of Normandy.
1035/48 William the Conqueror grants Mont-Saint-Michel Alderney and Sark in exchange for its half of Guernsey, which he regrants to Ranulf son of Anschitil, Vicomte of the Bessin.
1047 Battle of Val-Šs-Dunes: Cotentin fief forfeited.
Mid 11th C Integration of Channel Islands into the diocese of Coutances.
c 1052/58 William grants six Guernsey churches, previously held by Nigel, Vicomte of the Cotentin, to the Abbey of Marmoutier. Nigel confirms the gift. (An original charter of confirmation is in Candie Museum).
c 1054 Archbishop Malger of Rouen exiled to Guernsey.
1066 Norman victory at the Battle of Hastings.
25 Dec 1066 English coronation of William the Conqueror.
9 Sep 1087 Death of William the Conqueror. His sons William Rufus and Robert Curthose succeed to his rule in England and Normandy respectively.
1096 Robert Curthose pawns Normandy to William Rufus.

12th Century

Year Event
2 Aug 1100 Death of William Rufus, Henry I succeeds to English throne
July 1101 Robert Curthose invades England. He is bought off.
1106 Henry I conquers Normandy.
1120 Ranulf II, Vicomte of the Bessin, acquires Earldom of Chester, causing his Guernsey estate to be called Fief le Comte.
1128 Empress Matilda marries Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou.
1135 Stephen succeeds to English throne.
1139-53 Civil war in England.
c 1142 Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, annexes Channel Islands in the course of his conquest of Normandy (1141-45).
1150 Henry of Anjou (later Henry II of England) succeeds his father on Norman throne.
1152 Henry of Anjou marries Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1154 Henry II succeeds to English throne.
1156 Robert of Torigny, Abbot of Mont St Michel, visits Guernsey.
1179 First known reference to Guernsey's Royal Court.
1180, 1195, 1198 References to Guernsey in the great Rolls of the Norman Exchequer.
1189 Richard I succeeds to English throne and Dukedom of Normandy.
1195/98-1200 John, Count of Mortain, Lord of the Isles.
1195-99 Records of Vital de Biele, of Gascony, leasing fish-drying rights in Guernsey.
1199 John, Count of Mortain, succeeds to English throne and Dukedom of Normandy.

13th Century

Year Event
1200-04 Pierre de Préaux, Lord of the Isles by John's appointment.
22 May 1200 Treaty of Le Goulet between John and Philip Augustus, King of France.
1200 Marriage of John to Isabelle, daughter of Count Aymer of Anjoulême, by which her betrothal to Hugh Le Brun, Lord of Lusignan, is breached.
1202 John fails to appear before Philip Augustus to account for his conflict with Lusignan, and war results.
August 1203 Last reference before the loss of Normandy to the Channel Islands being under John's control. French occupation ensues.
1204 King John driven out of Normandy, but Channel Islands remain loyal to the English crown
6 Mar 1204 Fall of Château Gaillard.
24 June 1204 Surrender of Normandy's capital, Rouen.
September 1205 Evidence that Channel Islands had been recovered from the French by this time by forces under Eustace the Monk. The Islands were recaptured shortly afterwards.
1206 Large English expedition to recover Channel Islands. Guernsey had reverted to English control by July. Supply of bretasches (temporary wooden field fortifications) to island suggests the commencement of Castle Cornet.
August 1207 Philip d'Aubigny appointed warden of Guernsey.
c 1212 Eustace the Monk falls out with King John and occupies Sark.
1213 Channel Islands used as base for English attack on France.
December 1214 Philip d'Aubigny drives Eustace from Sark.
1215 Eustace the Monk again rebels against John.
1215-16 Civil War in England. Eustace the Monk's brothers occupy Channel Islands.
24 August 1216 Eustace the Monk beheaded after a sea battle off Sandwich; the English forces being led by Philip d'Aubigny.
28 October 1216 Henry III succeeds to English throne.
1217 Treaty of Kingston. Channel Islands to be returned to the English Crown. Eustace's brothers capitulate.
1232 Channel Islands used as base for English attack on France. First record of a Constable of Castle Cornet.
1234-39 Henri de Trubleville appointed Lord of the Isles.
1232 Record of merchants visiting Guernsey to buy corn.
1235/58 Compilation of the Grand Coutumier de Normandie, a fundamental text of island law.
1242 Channel Islands used as base for English attack on France.
1244 The warden ordered to repair wall, and to build barbican etc. of Castle Cornet.
1248 Extente of the Crown's rights and revenues in Guernsey.
1252 The warden ordered to repair Castle Cornet, damaged by wind.
1254-75 The Lord Edward (later Edward I) appointed Lord of the Isles. Channel Islands permanently annexed to the Crown.
1259 Treaty of Paris. Channel Islands confirmed to be French territories for which the English King will do homage. He abandons title 'Duke of Normandy'.
1272 Edward I succeeds to English throne.
1274 Extente of the Crown's rights and revenues in Guernsey.
1275 Royal command to build a defensive wall at St Peter Port; grant of quayage to do so. Grand Custom, levied on foreign ships visiting St Peter Port, totals 220 livres tournois.
1275-77 Otto de Grandison appointed Warden of the Isles.
1277-94 Otto de Grandison appointed Lord of the Isles.
1279 Edward I grants a seal for use by Royal Court.
1288 Charter of Edward I to Guernsey's fishermen.
1295 Devastating French raid on Guernsey. Record of Nicolas Meriene being Dean.
c 1295 Petition to renew quayage after French attack.
1299 Assizes held.

14th Century

Year Event
1304 Assizes held. The Abbot of Marmoutier is actioned to find a third of cost of repairs to certain churches.
1305 Quayage regranted for 5 years.
1307 Edward II succeeds to English throne.
1309 Assizes held. Royal permission granted for market to move to St Peter Port.
1323 Assizes held.
1327 Edward III succeeds to English throne.
c 1328 Petitions to King for repairs of defences, destroyed in late wars.
c 1331 Inquisition into John de Roches' administration of Castle Cornet and king's mills in Guernsey
1331 Last assizes held. Extente of the Crown's rights and revenues in Guernsey.
1337 Hundred Years War begins.
1338-40 Guernsey occupied by French (Castle Cornet until 1345).
10 July 1341 Charter of Edward III to Guernsey.
1348 The Black Death decimates Guernsey's population.
1351 Foundation of chapel of St Julien de Bosc, St Peter Port, by Pierre de St Pierre
1357 A fort, the Tour de Beauregard, St Peter Port, is under construction. Jean Le Marchant becomes Bailiff of Guernsey, replacing Jean de la Lande.
1372 La Descente des Aragousais - invasion of the island by Owen de Galles
1377 Richard II succeeds to English throne.
10 Nov 1378 Charter of Richard II to Guernsey.
1384 Jean Nicolas becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.
1387 Gervaise de Clermont becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.
1392, 1394 Permissions granted to Nicolas Henry to found chantry chapel of Ste Apolline, St Saviour.
14 July 1394 Royal appointment of Peter Gyon as macebearer in Guernsey.
28 July 1394 Second charter of Richard II to Guernsey.
1396-1415 Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Rutland, warden.
1396 English-French treaty.
1399 Henry IV succeeds to English throne.
Late 14th century Insular possessions of the 'alien priories', including those of Mont-Saint-Michel, confiscated to the Crown.

15th Century

Year Event
8 May 1400 Charter of Henry IV to Guernsey.
1412 James Coquerel becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.
1413 Henry V succeeds to English throne.
14 Feb 1414 Charter of Henry V to Guernsey.
1415-35 John, Duke of Bedford, Lord of the Islands.
1417-20 English conquest of Normandy. Treaty of Troyes (1420).
1422 Henry VI succeeds to English throne.
c 1429 Mention of an island assembly resembling the States of Guernsey.
1433 Thomas de la Cour becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.
1437-47 Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, Lord of the Islands.
1439 Judgement of Royal Court sets down custom followed at chevauch‚es du Roi.
10 February 1441 Charter of Henry VI to Guernsey.
30 September 1441 Publication by Guernsey's Royal Court of the Pr‚cepte d'Assize.
24 November 1445 Grant of reversion of Lordship of the Islands to Henry, Duke of Warwick (d. 1446).
1446-47 Jean Henry Bailiff of Guernsey.
1447 Guillaume Cartier becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.
24 February 1447 Governors appointed during minority of Anne de Beauchamp, Warwick's heir.
1449-50 French reoccupy Normandy.
3 January 1449 Death of Anne de Beauchamp.
12 July 1449 Licence to Anne's family to divide Warwick inheritance.
2 March 1450 Richard Neville and Anne de Beauchamp (senior) his wife created Earl and Countess of Warwick. The Earl of Warwick ('the Kingmaker') assumes Lordship of the Islands.
1454 Sea battle near Guernsey and Jersey in which islanders reputedly slay some 500 French.
October 1459 Warwick, with Edward, Earl of March (later Edward IV) flees to France, via Guernsey, after the rout of Ludford Bridge. Warwick attainted and his Lordship of the Islands forfeited.
12 May 1460 John Nanfan is last warden to be named jointly for Guernsey and Jersey.
1461 Battle of Towton (29 March): Henry VI flees England. Edward IV assumes English throne.
15 May 1461 Report of French attack on Guernsey and siege of Castle Cornet.
29 March 1465 Charter of Edward IV to Guernsey.
1467 Thomas de la Cour becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.
28 February 1469 Second charter of Edward IV to Guernsey.
1470 Pierre Beauvoir becomes Bailiff of Guernsey. Grant of commercial privileges in England to certain Guernsey merchants following Guernsey's role in the relief of Mont Orgueil (1468).
14 April 1471 Death of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, at the Battle of Barnet.
1480-81 Edmond de Cheney Bailiff of Guernsey.
1481 Mention of an island assembly resembling the States of Guernsey.
27 February 1481 Pope Sixtus IV publishes a Bull against piracy. This and associated legislation have the effect until 1689 of making Guernsey neutral in wartime.
1481-82 Nicolas Fouaschin Bailiff.
1482 Jean Blondel becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.
1483 Edward V; Richard III succeed to English throne.
15 December 1483 Charter of Richard III to Guernsey.
1485 Henry VII succeeds to English throne.
28 November 1485 Appointment of Edmund Weston and Thomas de St Martin as joint governors of Guernsey.
10 February 1486 Charter of Henry VII to Guernsey.
8 March 1486 Appointment of Edmund Weston as sole governor of Guernsey.
13 December 1487 Anne, Countess of Warwick, renounces her Lordship of the Islands.
1494-1506 James Havyland, of a Guernsey family, mayor of Poole at times between these dates.
28 October 1496 Papal Bull purports to transfer Channel Islands to Diocese of Salisbury. It is ineffective.
1499 Jean Martin becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.

16th Century

Year Event
20 January 1500 A Papal Bull of doubtful authenticity purports to transfer Channel Islands to Diocese of Winchester. It is ineffective.
1505 Thomas Devyck, and William Mesurer, both of Guernsey families, mayors of Southampton and Poole respectively.
1509 Henry VIII succeeds to English throne.
22 May 1509 Sir Richard Weston appointed Governor of Guernsey.
5 March 1510 Charter of Henry VIII to Guernsey.
1511 James Guille becomes Bailiff of Guernsey.
1512 English war with France and Scotland.
27 March 1513 Foundation of school at St Peter Port.
1515 Guernsey merchants arrange reduced tolls at Southampton.
1522-25 English war with France.
1531 Establishment of the eminent fraternity de la Charit‚, based in a chapel in St Peter Port churchyard.
1533 Order that vessels from Jersey and Normandy, suspected of bringing plague, should be turned away.
1535 Valor Ecclesiasticus extends to Guernsey.
1536 Friary in St Peter Port closed on the orders of Thomas Cromwell.
1538 Thomas Compton becomes Bailiff of Guernsey (first term).
24 February 1538 First reference to States of Guernsey by name.
3 November 1539 Sir Richard Long granted reversion of Governorship of Guernsey, whereupon he appears to have taken up office from the aged Weston.
1542 Bishop of Coutances tries unsuccessfully to assert financial interests in Guernsey.
1543 English war with France. Guernsey's Royal Court excludes military equipment from seizure in debt actions.
1544 Flemish ships raid St Peter Port harbour.
1545 Jean Herivel appointed Bailiff. Thomas Fouaschin, of a Guernsey family, mayor of Southampton.
March 1545 Sir Peter Mewtas appointed Governor, following Long's resignation.
1546 Order addressed to parish captains indicates existence of a militia in Guernsey.
1546-47 Plague years in Guernsey.
28 January 1547 Edward VI succeeds to English throne.
1547 English Chantries Act extends to Guernsey. Its terms are avoided.
1549 English Act of Uniformity extends to Guernsey, leading to Protestant innovation.
6 March 1549 Charter of Edward VI to Guernsey.
12 October 1549 Helier Gosselin appointed Bailiff.
1549-50 War with France.
1550 Privy Council endorses financial rights in the Channel Islands of the Bishop of Coutances.
1552 Second English Act of Uniformity extends to Guernsey.
1553 Publication of French translation of Cranmer's Prayer Book.
6-19 July 1553 Reign of Lady Jane Grey. Mewtas supports her party.
19 July 1553 Mary I succeeds to English throne.
25 September 1553 Sir Leonard Chamberlain appointed Governor in replacement of Mewtas.
6 December 1553 Charter of Mary I to Guernsey.
1554 Denis Le Vair, one-time Protestant evangelist in Guernsey, burned at the stake at Rouen.
1555 Revival of heresy laws in England.
1556 Revival of Royal Court's recognition of sanctuary (previously abolished c. 1531).
17 July 1556 Burning of Protestant Catherine Cauches, her two daughters and a baby following Witch Trial ('the Cauches Martyrdom')
16 December 1556 Guillaume Beauvoir of Guernsey elected a deacon of the English Church at Geneva.
17 November 1558 Elizabeth I succeeds to English throne.
29 July 1559 Charter of Elizabeth I to Guernsey.
December 1559 Nicolas Baudouin sent by John Calvin to serve as minister in St Peter Port.
15 March 1560 Second charter of Elizabeth I to Guernsey.
1561-62 A succession of Royal Commissions appointed to investigate Guernsey's affairs. They make little or no progress.
1562-64 War with France in support of Huguenots.
1563 A plague year in Guernsey. Commencement of period of witch trials and executions by burning.
1563 Elizabeth College founded by Elizabeth I
17 May 1563 Establishment of Presbyterian consistory at St Peter Port.
25 May 1563 A further Royal Commission is appointed to investigate Guernsey's affairs, and succeeds in secularising certain church revenues, investigating the Cauches Martyrdom, granting harbour revenues to the Royal Court, founding Elizabeth College etc.
October 1563 Helier Gosselin dismissed as Bailiff. He is succeeded by Thomas Compton (second term).
28 June 1564 First Channel Island synod.
1565 Seven Jurats of the Royal Court dismissed and replaced with men of Protestant credentials.
1565 Helier De Carteret granted a charter to colonise Sark
18 February 1566 Pardon issued to Gosselin and others concerning the Cauches Martyrdom.
1567 Royal Commissioners investigate Guernsey's defences, laws etc.
1568-69 Channel Islands removed from ecclesiastical jurisdiction of Coutances and attached to the Diocese of Winchester.
14 April 1570 Sir Thomas Leighton appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1572 Guillaume Beauvoir appointed Bailiff.
23 August 1572 Massacre of St Bartholomew in France. Refugees, including the Comte de Montgomery, flee to Guernsey.
1576 Publication of a Discipline Eccl‚siastique for the Channel Islands.
1579-89 Repeated disputes between islanders and the Governor.
1581 Thomas Wigmore appointed Bailiff.
27 October 1583 Privy Council approves a statement of Guernsey's laws: the Approbation des Loix.
1584-96 Schism between the Presbyterian churches of Guernsey and Jersey.
1585 Numerous Huguenot pastors flee France and are established in Guernsey livings. War with Spain.
1588 Louis Devyck appointed Bailiff. Defeat of Spanish Armada.
1595-1601 Thomas Cartwright, the eminent Puritan, chaplain at Castle Cornet.
1597 Publication of a revised Discipline Eccl‚siastique for the Channel Islands. Renewed disputes with Governor.

17th Century

Year Event
1601 Amice de Carteret appointed Bailiff.
1603 Accession of James I.
1604 Peace with Spain.
18 December 1604 Charter of James I to Guernsey.
1605 Revival of the States of Guernsey.
15 June 1605 Second Charter of James I to Guernsey.
1607 Creation of States of Election.
1607-08 A Royal Commission investigates islanders' complaints, and the Privy Council acts thereon.
1610 Lord Carew of Clopton becomes Governor of Guernsey
1613 Death of Nicolas Baudouin, minister at St Peter Port since 1559.
1615 Record of 347 houses in St Peter Port; 1008 in the other parishes.
November 1616 James I privately endorses Guernsey's Presbyterian regime.
25 August 1621 Henry Danvers, on appointment as Governor of Guernsey, visits the Royal Court to present his credentials.
1624-30 War with Spain.
1625 Accession of Charles I.
1626-29 War with France.
1626 Henry Danvers, Governor of Guernsey, created Earl of Danby.
1627 Charter of Charles I to Guernsey.
1629 Visit to Guernsey of the Earl of Danby, Governor. The Rev. Peter Heylyn, his chaplain, writes an account of the island (published 1656). Jerbourg Castle and other defences repaired.
1631 Jean de Quetteville becomes Bailiff.
1636 Visit to Guernsey of the Earl of Danby, Governor.
1637 The Earl of Danby, Governor, sets out reasons for Archbishop Laud why Guernsey should maintain its Presbyterian system.
1637-40 Henry Burton, Puritan, imprisoned in Castle Cornet.
July 1642 Jean de Quetteville suspended from office as Bailiff by commissioners.
1643 Sir Peter Osborne appointed Royalist Governor of Guernsey.
March 1643 Guernsey declares for Parliament. Siege of Castle Cornet, held for the Royalists, begins.
3 December 1643 Escape of three Guernsey commissioners from prison in Castle Cornet.
1644 The Earl of Warwick appointed Parliamentarian Governor of Guernsey.
1644-45 Uprisings against Robert Russell, Guernsey's Parliamentary Lieutenant-Governor.
1646 Presbyterian Church introduced in England. Sir Baldwin Wake appointed Royalist Governor of Guernsey.
1649 Execution of Charles I. England declared a republic. Col. Roger Burgess appointed Royalist Governor of Guernsey.
22 October 1649 Col. Alban Coxe appointed Parliamentarian Governor of Guernsey.
1650 Col. John Bingham appointed Parliamentarian Governor of Guernsey.
15 December 1651 Surrender of Castle Cornet to Parliamentary forces.
1652-54 First Dutch War.
1653-56 Jurats hold office of Bailiff monthly, in rotation.
16 December 1653 Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector.
1655-60 War with Spain.
1656 Pierre de Beauvoir becomes Bailiff.
3 September 1658 Death of Oliver Cromwell.
1660 Major Henry Wanseye appointed Parliamentarian Governor of Guernsey.
5 May 1660 Charles II proclaimed king.
December 1660 Sir Hugh Pollard appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1661 Amias Andros appointed Bailiff.
1661-70 Imprisonment of Col. John Lambert in Castle Cornet.
1662 Enforcement of Anglicanism in Guernsey. Five ministers resign. Ecclesiastical Court revived.
May 1662 Lord Hatton appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1665-67 Second Dutch War.
1665 Hatton suspended from Governorship.
1666 Capture and subsequent loss off Guernsey of the Vierge de Bonport, 300 tons, a richly-laden French East-indiaman.
11 February 1668 Charter of Charles II to Guernsey.
1670 Christopher, Second Lord Hatton, appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1672-74 Third Dutch War.
1674 Sir Edmund Andros appointed Bailiff.
1682 Lord Hatton created a Viscount.
6 February 1685 Accession of James II.
12 Dec 1688 - 12 Feb 1689 Interregnum.
13 February 1689 Accession of William and Mary.
1689 Neutrality effectively abolished, allowing for development of privateering enterprises.
1694 Accession of William III.
1699 Large numbers of fusiliers battalioned in Guernsey.

18th Century

Year Event
1701-13 War of Spanish Succession.
1702 Accession of Queen Anne.
1706 Gen. Charles Churchill appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1714 Accession of George I. Jean de Sausmarez appointed Bailiff.
1715 Lieut.-Gen. Daniel Harvey appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1725 First edition of James Douglas' Description of the Guernsey Lily.
1727 Guernsey's population estimated at 10,500, of whom some 4,500 live in the town. Accession of George II.
1728 Joshua Le Marchant appointed Bailiff.
1732 Earl of Cholmondeley appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1733 Maj.-Gen. Richard Sutton appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1737 Fee farm leases of Crown wastes enabled by Order in Council.
1738 The Marquis de Montandre appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1742 Duke of Somerset appointed Governor of Guernsey. Town Hospital built.
1750 Sir John Ligonier appointed Governor of Guernsey.
1751 Country Hospital founded. Publication of Thomas Dicey's History of Guernsey.
1752 Lord de la Warr appointed Governor of Guernsey. Eleazar Le Marchant appointed Bailiff.
1756-63 Seven Years War. Guernsey privateers active.
1758 Samuel Bonamy appointed Bailiff.
1760 Accession of George III.
1761 Lord de la Warr created Earl de la Warr.
1765 Duke of Gloucester visits Guernsey.
1766 Sir Richard Littleton appointed Governor.
1770 Sir Jeffrey Amherst appointed Governor.
1771 William Le Marchant appointed Bailiff.
1777 An American privateer harasses St Peter Port.
1778 First regular packet service between Guernsey and England established.
1780 Construction of Fort George commenced.
1782 Assembly Rooms founded. Quakers first organise in Guernsey.
24 March 1783 Mutiny at Fort George.
1786 Visit of Dr Adam Clarke, Methodist missionary.
1787 Publication of William Gardner's Map of Guernsey, surveyed by order of the Duke of Richmond.
Aug - Sep 1787 Visit of the Rev. John Wesley.
1789 Holy Trinity Church built
1791 La Gazette de Guernesey, Guernsey's first French-language newspaper published.
1793-1802 War with France.
1794 Regular post office packet service between Guernsey and Southampton established.
1797 The Earl Grey appointed Governor.
1799 Two divisions of Russian troops quartered in Guernsey.

19th Century

Year Event
1800 Robert Porret Le Marchant appointed Bailiff.
1803-15 War with France.
1803 Sir John Doyle appointed Lieutenant-Governor, and launches major programme to improve the island's defences.
1806 The Braye du Valle, a tidal channel that had divided Guernsey, reclaimed from the sea.
1807 The Earl of Pembroke appointed Governor.
British Smuggling Act applied to the islands despite protest.
28 Nov 1807 H.M.S. Boreas lost on the Hanois rocks, with seventy-seven lives.
1809 Duke of Brunswick Oels and his troops stationed in Guernsey.
1810 Commencement of major road-building programme.
(Sir) Peter de Havilland appointed Bailiff.
Start of Granite exports
1811 Les Vardes dolmen, L'Ancresse, discovered.
Start of export trade for Guernsey cattle.
1812 Deaths in action of Maj.-Gen. Sir Isaac Brock, in North America, and Maj-Gen John Gaspard Le Marchant at Salamanca.
1813 Publication of The Star, Guernsey's first English-language newspaper.
1815 Guernsey Prison completed.
Start of Shipbuilding Industry.
1816 First issue of local currency notes to finance the construction of the new Meat Market.
1817 Duke of Gloucester visits Guernsey.
Foundation of the Society of Agriculture.
States buy existing Meat Market (French Halles).
1818 Rebuilding of Torteval Church
First visit to the island by an Anglican Bishop, Bishop of Salisbury.
Consecration of St James the Less.
1820 Accession of George IV.
1821 Daniel de Lisle Brock appointed Bailiff.
1822 Opening of the new Meat Market
1823 Arrival of the Medina, first steamship to travel to Channel Islands.
1825 Sir John Colborne appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
John Le Mesurier surrenders Alderney to the Crown.
1827 Sir William Keppel appointed Governor.
Guernsey Banking Company established.
Mail first brought by steamship.
1828 Maj.-Gen. John Ross appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
Central Hall built to house National School at Clifton Steps, St Peter Port.
1829 First visit to the Bailiwick by Bishop of Winchester.
Completion of new Elizabeth College main building.
Notre Dame du Rosaire opened as Guernsey's first Roman Catholic church.
1830 Accession of William IV.
Introduction of the Guernsey double coins
1831 Island militia is granted the status Royal.
1832 103 die during Cholera outbreak in St Peter Port.
Foundation of Mechanics Institute.
Publication of Cochrane's Map of Guernsey
1834 Publication of first tourist guide book, The Channel Islands by Henry Inglis.
11 Dec 1834 Death of General Sir William Keppel, the last Governor of Guernsey to be appointed.
1835 Office of Governor of Guernsey abolished, Lieutenant Governor becomes the direct representative of the Crown in the islands.
1836 Death of Admiral James Saumarez, Lord de Sausmarez.
Erection of St John the Evangelist Church.
1837 Accession of Queen Victoria.
Sir James Douglas appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
Horse bus service established.
1838 Emigration to USA of George Le Boutillier bankrupted by the excavation of States Arcade.
1839 National School founded at St Johns, St Peter Port.
1840 Civil Registration of births and deaths start, recorded at the Greffe.
Official boundaries of Town extended.
1841 Electoral franchise extended to include all taxpayers and property owners.
1842 Maj.-Gen. William Napier appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
1843 John Guille appointed Bailiff.
British & Foreign School founded, St Peter Port.
William Le Lacheur brings first direct shipment of coffee from Costa Rica to Europe aboard the Monarch
An earthquake occurs on 22 December
1843-45 Disputes with Lieutenant-Governor Napier.
1844 Douzaine representatives replace Constables as States members.
Cantonal Douzaines established in St Peter Port.
Sir William Napier lands forces to quell insurrection.
1845 (Sir) Peter Stafford Carey appointed Bailiff.
1846 Consecration of Holy Trinity Church by the Bishop of Winchester
16 May 1846 Appointment of Royal Commission to investigate criminal law in the Channel Islands (reported 1848).
23-24 Aug 1846 Visit of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to Guernsey.
1846-48 Construction of Victoria Tower.
1847 Construction of naval base and forts started in Alderney.
1848 Maj.-Gen. John Bell appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
Railway company shipping services started.
1849 Cholera epidemic kills many.
1850 Parochial education reorganised.
St Peter Port Arsenal built.
1 Apr 1853 An earthquake occurs.
1853 Laying of the foundation stone of the new harbour
1854 St Matthew's Church, Cobo opened.
1854-56 Crimean War.
1854 Maj.-Gen. William Thomas Knollys appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
1855 Maj.-Gen. George Judd Harding appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
1855 Victor Hugo exiled to Guernsey by French Government
1859 Maj.-Gen. John Marcus Slade appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
14 Aug 1859 Second visit of Queen Victoria to Guernsey.
9 Sep 1859 Submarine telegraph cable first operates.
1860-62 Construction of Les Hanois Lighthouse.
1862-65 Construction of St Stephens Church.
1862-70 Telegraph services suspended.
Sep 1862 Visit of Duke of Cambridge to Guernsey.
1864 Maj.-Gen. Charles Rochfort Scott appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
1869 Lieut.-Gen. Edward Frome appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
12 Sep 1869 Severe storm.
1870 Publication of George Métivier's Dictionnaire Franco-Normand.
Grange Club opens.
Apr 1873 St Julian's Avenue opens.
1874 Maj.-Gen. Hon. St George G. Foley appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
St Barnabas Church opened.
1882 Guille-Allès Library founded.
La Société Guernesiaise established
1883 Jean de Havilland Utermarck appointed Bailiff.
1884 (Sir) Edgar MacCulloch appointed Bailiff.
1895 (Sir) Thomas Godfrey Carey appointed Bailiff.
1897 Guernsey Telephone Council established.
Guernsey Evening Press established.
1899-1902 Second Anglo-Boer War.

20th Century

Year Event
1901 Accession of Edward VII.
1902 (Sir) Henry Alexander Giffard appointed Bailiff.
1905 Muratti Vase, inter-island football competition started
1908 (Sir) William Carey appointed Bailiff.
1914 Last Witchcraft trial in Guernsey
Outbreak of World War I
1915 (Sir) Edward Chepmell Ozanne appointed Bailiff.
1916 Royal Guernsey Light Infantry formed to join British Expeditionary Force in France
1917 Royal Guernsey Light Infantry fights in Battle of Cambrai
1922 Sir Havilland Walter de Sausmarez, bart., appointed Bailiff.
1922 Introduction of Income Tax
1929 Arthur William Bell appointed Bailiff.
1935 Victor Gosselin Carey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
1939 Opening of Guernsey Airport at La Villiaze, Forest
1940 Evacuation of schoolchildren and other islanders. Start of German Occupation
1942 2,000 islanders deported to Prison Camps by German authorities
1943 Guernsey Society founded in London to improve representation of Guernsey interests to British Government
1944 First visit of the Red Cross ship Vega to feed starving islanders
9 May 1945 End of German Occupation
1946 Ambrose Sherwill (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
1948 Major reform of States of Guernsey
1949 Princess Elizabeth Hospital opened at Le Vauquiédor, St Andrews
1951 Tomato Marketing Board established
1954 Préciput abolished
1957 Visit of Queen Elizabeth II
1958 Tektronix establishes European HQ and manufacturing facility in Guernsey
1959 Formation of Investment Trust of Guernsey - birth of the Finance Industry
1960 William Henry Arnold (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
1962 Channel Television wins ITV Franchise for the Channel Islands
1963 The Beatles play at Candie Gardens on 8 August
1964 The Rolling Stones play at the New Theatre Ballroom, 18-20 August
1965 Social Security system established in Guernsey
1966 Re-enactment of La Chevauchée de St Michel to celebrate the 900th anniversary of the Norman Conquest
1967 Fort George sold to a developer to become luxury housing estate
1969 Bailiwick becomes independent postal authority, Guernsey Post Office established and issues first Guernsey postage stamps
1970 Beaucette Marina opened
1971 States of Guernsey agree terms for membership of the European Economic Community
1973 John Henry Loveridge (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
1974 Roll-on/ Roll-off terminal established in St Peter Port Harbour
1975 Maritime Museum opened at Fort Grey
1976 Beau Sejour Leisure Centre opened
States vote to abolish congé
1977
1978 Guernsey Museum and Art Gallery opened at Candie Gardens
Visit of Queen Elizabeth II
Guernsey cheese launched
1979
1980
1981
1982 Charles Keith Frossard (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
BBC Radio Guernsey starts broadcasting
1983
1984
1985 New Guernsey Flag introduced
Gallo-Roman shipwreck (Asterix) discovered in mouth of St Peter Port Harbour
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990 Matthew Le Tissier wins Professional Footballers' Association Young Player of the Year
1992 Graham Martyn Dorey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.
Island FM, the island's first commercial radio station, starts broadcasting
1999 de Vic Graham Carey (later knighted) appointed Bailiff.

21st Century

Year Event
2005 Geoffrey Rowland (later knighted) appointed Bailiff
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