Payn

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Mrs Payn and her daughter photographed in the 1880s by Ernest Baudoux

Origin of Surname

Payn, Le Paien, was regarded as a heathen, according to the Rev George Balleine. In the Extente of 1331 the name is "Paganus vel Payn". The name comes from old Frence paien, translated as someone who did not attend mass and practice Christian rites.

However, although agreeing that the name is derived from the Old French male personal name "Paien", itself coming from the Latin "Paganus", more recent sources suggest that the Latin name is a derivative of "pagus", meaning outlying village, and meant at first a rustic, then a civilian as opposed to a soldier, and finally a heathen (one not enrolled in the army of Christ).

In the early Middle Ages, Paien was popular as a personal name, due to the romantic associations of its early meaning of "rustic, country-dweller", and examples of same include: Edmund filius (son of) Pagen, noted in the Domesday Book of 1086 for Somerset, and Reginaldus filius Pain, entered in the 1185 Knights' Templars Records of Lincolnshire. In 1220, one William Paen was recorded in the Curia Regis Rolls of Somerset, and a Ralph Payn appears in Records of Cambridgeshire, dated 1221. Notable 15th Century namebearers include: Peter Payne, principal of St. Edmund's Hall, Oxford, 1410-1414, and John Payne, Master of the Rolls in Ireland (1496).

Early records

The name appears in the Short Inquisition of 1274. Edouard, Jean, Johan, Charles, Michel, Raulin, Richard and Thomas are listed in the Jersey Chantry Certificate of 1550.

Payne's Armorial of Jersey

Perhaps, nay certainly, this name is the most ancient known in Western Europe. Long prior to the age of genealogical research, before the Saxons had invaded Britain, and before the Scandinavians had occupied Neustria, families or sects bearing the generic name of Pagani, descendants of the veterans of old Rome, are mentioned by classic writers. So early as AD 350, says the Abbe Floury, in his Ecclesiastical History, the Emperor Constantino, when departing from Antioch against Maxentius, assembled his troops, and designated by this title those soldiers of his army who had not received baptism.

From this origin came the Norman family of Payen. In 1117 Thibaut Payen, afterwards Count of Gisors, was, by the utual consent of Louis VI. of France and Henry I of England, entrusted with the guardianship of that town, then the key of Normandy, as the most distinguished and trustworthy warrior of the two nations. In 1118, Hugh de Payen, with Geoffrey d'Adhemar, founded the order of Knights Templars. In 1170 Bertrand de Payen rendered homage to Louis VII for 70 fiefs which he held of that monarch. Another of the name, of the branch of Montmuse, was the lieutenant of Richard Coeur-de-Lion. In the right aisle of the Chapelle du Tresor at Mont St Michel are sculptured the name and arms of one of the house, who, in 1400, defended this fortress against the English.

In Jersey, amongst the primeval Norman settlers are found Seigneurs and other high officials, whose names are written, indifferently Pagani, Paien, and Payn. Hugh Payen, Valvasor and Jurat, is one of the first officers of the Royal Court of Jersey on record, and from that period to the last century, the family has never lacked representatives in the Church or State of its native island.

In the oldest record possessed of the "King's tenants in Jersey, the Extente of 1331, several entries occur of members of the Payn family, proving it to have then been of consequence and wealth. In the subsequent Extentes, also, several landowners named Payn, are recorded. The number of fiefs held at various times by members of this house, is perhaps greater than have ever been possessed by any other family in the island. At different periods they have been seigneurs of Oulande, la Godeliere, Samares, le Hommet, la Fosse, Burey, Ponterrin, Gruchy, Montfort, Dielament, les Cras, le Chastelet, Grainville, Quetivel, la Malletiere, Sauteur, les Niesmes, the fief Payn in St Helier, the fief Jourdain Payn in St Laurence, and the fief Guille Payn in St Martin, which last alone remains, of all these "extensive possessions", the property of its ancient owners.

Abraham Payn, born 1616, sometime Constable of St Martin, emigrated with his son to the neighbouring coast of Devonshire, from causes, it is supposed, connected with the political troubles of the period. From him descended a family which rendered itself conspicuous by the zeal with which its members espoused the Royalist side at the time of the rebellion, and to which belonged Colonel Payne, who succoured, and was the host of, Charles II, after the battle of Worcester.

The Very Reverend Francis Payn, Rector of Swerford, Oxfordshire, and Dean of Jersey, was one of the most notable of his countrymen during the last century. His erudition and piety, together with the influence he possessed at the English Court, rendered his long life a pleasure and a benefit to all with whom he came into contact.

Variants

  • Payn, 1274
  • Payne, c1340
  • Pain 1515
  • Paen, 1254
  • Paein, 1331
  • Paien, 1309
  • Payen, 1299
  • Paganus, 1180
  • dictus Paganus 1306
  • dictus Paen 1293
  • Pagany 1227
  • Pagan c1218
  • Paine
  • Pagan
  • Payan
  • Payens

Family records

Family trees

Church records

Payn properties

Family histories

Holders of public office

  • John Payn, Bailiff, 1446
  • John Payn, Lieut-Bailiff, 1515
  • Richard Payn, Attorney-General, 1532
  • John Payn, Viscount, 1542
  • Hugh Payen, Valvasor and Jurat, 1200
  • Laurens Payen, Valvasor and Jurat, 1269

Jurats

  • Ralph Payen, 1269
  • Richard Paien, 1274
  • Thomas Paien, 1292
  • Henry Paien, 1292
  • Guille Payn, 1318
  • Jourdain Payn, 1329
  • Raulin Payn, 1350
  • Guille Payn, 1355
  • Raulin Payn, 1430
  • John Payn, 1442
  • Raulin Payn, 1442
  • Philip Payn, 1449
  • Thomas Payn, 1449
  • Guille Payn, 1479
  • Thomas Payn, 1483
  • Philip Payn, 1484
  • Guille Payn, 1487
  • Philipot Payn, 1487
  • George Payn, 1489
  • Michael Payn, 1519
  • John Payn, 1524
  • Edward Payn, 1531
  • John Payn, 1533
  • Richard Payn, 1537
  • Philip Payn, 1550
  • Edward Payn, 1618
  • John Payn, 1620
  • Philip Payn, 1630
  • Philip Payn, 1669
  • Charles Payn, 1788
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