Origin of Surname
Gallichan is an interesting example of the need of going back to the earliest form of a name. One writer derives it from two Latin words, gallus, a cock, and cano, I sing. Perhaps he guessed that the first Monsieur Gallichan was famous for rising at cock-crow.
But in 1269 and 1306 the name was spelt Le Galicien, showing that he came from Galicia, probably the one in Spain. We hear more than once of Spanish traders settling in Jersey. A further clue is that the name does not appear in works giving the derivation of French surnames.
Guy Fortescue Burrell de Gruchy, in Medieval Land Tenures in Jersey,  wrote of Gallichan or Le Gallichan, "a family of some local importance," that "the name implies that the first holder came from Galicia in Spain; it is likely that he was one of the mercenaries of many races employed by Henry II".
The name is one of the oldest in Jersey. In 1180, Guillaume Gallichan owed the Crown relief, on inheriting the Fief of Handois, in St Lawrence. His son was probably the Raoul Gallichan who was an Island hostage held, with the sons of other principal Islanders, by King John to ensure their fathers` loyalty, after the fall of Normandy. He was released in 1214 and witnessed in about 1218 a charter, with other leading Island men. He married Jeanne, niece of Adam de Sottevast and of Guillaume de Bricquebec, Norman seigneurs, who gave their niece a generous dowry, which comprised a fief in Grouville and another in St Lawrence, the latter being worth 14 Quartiers 6 cabots, which sum gave its name to the St Lawrence fief: the Fief des Quatorze Quartiers. There was born of this union two sons, Raoul and Robert Gallichan. De Gruchy writes that "The Crown looked upon this dower as an attempt to deprive the King of land of the [disaffected] Normans, and Raoul and Robert...spent their long lives in trying to hold it. Raoul [senior] got an order for restitution in 1240-1 on the plea that his wife`s uncles were seized of the fiefs the day they gave her in marriage, but this was upset...Robert Gallichan was still trying to get it back in 1305".
The Fief of Handois was not involved in the above suit, but as an example of how such extended legal proceedings could adversely affect a family`s fortune, see Godel. Raoul Gallichan was Seigneur of Handois in 1274 and Robert Gallichan, his son, was seigneur in 1309 but had lost the fief by 1323 to a foreign financier, which would, perhaps, tend to confirm the above supposition. The family, nonetheless, had descendants and retained, in many branches, land and influence.
The surname was found in the Short Inquisition of 1274. Drouet Gallichan was born in Trinity in about 1505 and Jean Gallichan in the same parish in 1513. Collas, Johan, Philipot, Rauf and Sire Serves Gallichan, priest, are listed in the Jersey Chantry Certificate of 1550. With over 1,200 baptisms on record, it is also one of the most frequently encountered names in the Jersey church registers. In early registers, the surname was most often to be found in Trinity and St Martin, although branches of the family were also to be found living in St Lawrence, St Peter, St Helier, Grouville and elsewhere. Gallichan remains a common name in Jersey.
Raoul Gallichan, Seigneur of Handois, served on an Inquest in Guernsey in 1254 and was in 1269, in Jersey, a Jurat at the Assizes. Thomas Gallichan of St Martin (1748-1796) was Dénonciateur of the Royal Court 1782-1791, before becoming in 1791 Deputy-Viscount [Deputy-Sheriff] of Jersey. Another Thomas Gallichan was Constable [Mayor] of Trinity 1833-1839 and 1849-1852. An Ecrivain (Solicitor) in St Helier, he had married in 1831 the daughter and heiress of Jurat Philippe Le Maistre of Bras de Fer, Augrès. In recent times, Mr John Le Sueur Gallichan held the same office, as Constable of Trinity. Matthieu Gallichan (1820-1902), who was another Solicitor, was Deputy-Viscount in 1854, Deputy of St Lawrence, 1876-1886, before becoming a Jurat, 1886-1902.
The family also gave to the Island several ecclesiastics, among whom were Sire Nicolas Gallichan, Rector of St Mary -1349-, Sire Servais Gallichan, priest, (above) living in 1550, and Sire Etienne Gallichan ( -1571), priest, Greffier of the Ecclesiastic Court -1567-1570. His principal heir was Jean Gallichan, son of Robin, the said Jean being his nephew. Other heirs were Michel and Jacques Gallichan. William Charles Gallichan (1785-1836), a native of St Martin and former Militia Lieutenant, became by 1818 a clergyman. He acted as Vicar of St Martin on various occasions, before becoming Chaplain of the Jersey General Hospital, 1830-1836: ABSJ, VII, 287. The Reverend James Gallichan was to fulfill the same role, -1847-1857.
Members of the family have held commissions in the Royal Jersey Militia, among whom was Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Gallichan, who had fought in the Battle of Jersey (1781), when a young officer. James Gallichan of St Peter joined, instead, the Royal Navy, becoming a Captain.
- Gallichan, 1240
- Galicen, 1331
- Galissian c1340
- Le Galicien, 1306
- Galicien pre-1292
- Le Galycien 1309
- Galichan 1299
- de Gallycen 1274
- Galician 1254, Gallicien 1240
- Galliceanus 1186
- Legalitien 1180
- Jacques Gallichan (1545-1626)
- Descendants of Estienne Gallichan (1600)
- Descendants of Jean Gallichan (1627)
- Descendants of Jean Gallichan, a different descendant line from the tree above Added 2018
- Descendants of Jacques Gallichan (1685)
- Descendants of Jean Gallichan (1745)
- Descendants of Edouard Gallichan
- Descendants of Josue Gallichan and Rachel Gibaut
- Descendants of Thomas Gallichan
- Descendants of Thomas Gallichan - 2
- Descendants of Pierre Gallichan Added 2016
- Descendants of Jacques Gallichan Added 2016
- Descendants of Pierre Gallichan - 2 Added 2018
- Descendants of Philippe Gallichan Added 2020
- Descendants of Daniel Gallichan (1620) Added 2022
- Gallichan baptisms in Jersey
- Gallichan marriages in Jersey (groom)
- Gallichan marriages in Jersey (bride)
- Gallichan burials in Jersey
- Walter M. Gallichan, author
Great War service
- Gallichan land valuer
- Thomas Gallichan appointed to reservoir planning committee in 1848
- Builder Thomas Gallichan presented his model for Victoria College in 1848
- Charles Gallichan was a chemist at 13 King Street in the 1830s
- P C Gallichan ran men's outfitter La Belle Jardiniere at 59 King Street in the 1880s and '90s
- Philip Gallichan was a shoemaker at 70 King Street in the 1840s
- Philip Gallichan was a grocer at 32 Halkett Place in the 1850s
- E J Gallichan Jersey's longest-established jewellers
- Bras de Fer, Trinity
- Handois Manor, St Lawrence
- La Maison Gruchy, St Brelade
- Ville au Veslet St Lawrence
- Bon Air, St Lawrence
Click on any image to see a full-size version
Pre-1500 arms researched by Julian Wilson
Click on any image to see a larger version. See the Jerripedia gravestone image collection page for more information about our gravestone photographs
The grave of Great War casualty Alfred Gallichan at Bramshott (St Mary) Cemetery, Hampshire
The grave of Great War casualty Alfred John Gallichan at Portsmouth (Kingston) Cemetery
The grave of Great War casualty Donald Elias Gallichan at Londonderry City Cemetery
The grave of Great War casualty Frank Elias Gallichan at Maroc British Cemetery, Grenay, Pas de Calais
The grave of Great War casualty George Thomas Gallichan at Edmonton Cemetery, Alberta, Canada
The grave of Great War casualty Raymond John Gallichan at Lonsdale Cemetery, Authuille, near Albert
The grave of Great War casualty William James Gallichan at Seaford Cemetery, Sussex
The grave of Great War casualty William John Gallichan at Poelcapelle British Cemetery, Belgium
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Notes and references
- ↑ Jersey: Bigwoods, 1957, 68