Guernsey Timeline 19th Century
|1800||Robert Porret Le Marchant appointed Bailiff.|
|1803-15||War with France.|
|1803||Sir John Doyle appointed Lieutenant-Governor, and launches major programme to improve the island's defences.|
|1806||The Braye du Valle, a tidal channel that had divided Guernsey, reclaimed from the sea.|
|1807|| The Earl of Pembroke appointed Governor.|
British Smuggling Act applied to the islands despite protest.
|28 Nov 1807||H.M.S. Boreas lost on the Hanois rocks, with seventy-seven lives.|
|1809||Duke of Brunswick Oels and his troops stationed in Guernsey.|
|1810|| Commencement of major road-building programme. |
(Sir) Peter de Havilland appointed Bailiff.
Start of Granite exports
|1811|| La Varde Dolmen, L'Ancresse, discovered.|
Start of export trade for Guernsey cattle.
|1812||Deaths in action of Maj.-Gen. Sir Isaac Brock, in North America, and Maj-Gen John Gaspard Le Marchant at Salamanca.|
|1813||Publication of The Star, Guernsey's first English-language newspaper.|
|1815|| Guernsey Prison completed.|
Start of Shipbuilding Industry.
|1816||First issue of local currency notes to finance the construction of the new Meat Market.|
|1817|| Duke of Gloucester visits Guernsey.|
Foundation of the Society of Agriculture.
States buy existing Meat Market (French Halles).
|1818|| Rebuilding of Torteval Church|
First visit to the island by an Anglican Bishop, Bishop of Salisbury.
Consecration of St James the Less.
|1820||Accession of George IV.|
|1821||Daniel de Lisle Brock appointed Bailiff.|
|1822||Opening of the new Meat Market|
|1823||Arrival of the Medina, first steamship to travel to Channel Islands.|
|1825|| Sir John Colborne appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
John Le Mesurier surrenders Alderney to the Crown.
|1827|| Sir William Keppel appointed Governor.|
Guernsey Banking Company established.
Mail first brought by steamship.
|1828|| Maj.-Gen. John Ross appointed Lieutenant-Governor. |
Central Hall built to house National School at Clifton Steps, St Peter Port.
|1829|| First visit to the Bailiwick by Bishop of Winchester.|
Completion of new Elizabeth College main building.
Notre Dame du Rosaire opened as Guernsey's first Roman Catholic church.
|1830|| Accession of William IV.|
Introduction of the Guernsey double coins
|1831||Island militia is granted the status Royal.|
|1832|| 103 die during Cholera outbreak in St Peter Port.|
Foundation of Mechanics Institute.
Publication of Cochrane's Map of Guernsey
|1834||Publication of first tourist guide book, The Channel Islands by Henry Inglis.|
|11 Dec 1834||Death of General Sir William Keppel, the last Governor of Guernsey to be appointed.|
|1835||Office of Governor of Guernsey abolished, Lieutenant Governor becomes the direct representative of the Crown in the islands.|
|1836|| Death of Admiral James Saumarez, Lord de Sausmarez.|
Erection of St John the Evangelist Church.
|1837|| Accession of Queen Victoria. |
Sir James Douglas appointed Lieutenant-Governor.
Horse bus service established.
|1838||Emigration to USA of George Le Boutillier bankrupted by the excavation of States Arcade.|
|1839||National School founded at St Johns, St Peter Port.|
|1840|| Civil Registration of births and deaths start, recorded at the Greffe.|
Official boundaries of Town extended.
|1841||Electoral franchise extended to include all taxpayers and property owners.|
|1842||Maj.-Gen. William Napier appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
|1843|| John Guille appointed Bailiff. |
British & Foreign School founded, St Peter Port.
William Le Lacheur brings first direct shipment of coffee from Costa Rica to Europe aboard the Monarch
An earthquake occurs on 22 December
|1843-45||Disputes with Lieutenant-Governor Napier.|
|1844|| Douzaine representatives replace Constables as States members.|
Cantonal Douzaines established in St Peter Port.
Sir William Napier lands forces to quell insurrection.
|1845||(Sir) Peter Stafford Carey appointed Bailiff.|
|1846||Consecration of Holy Trinity Church by the Bishop of Winchester|
|16 May 1846||Appointment of Royal Commission to investigate criminal law in the Channel Islands (reported 1848).|
|23-24 Aug 1846||Visit of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to Guernsey.|
|1846-48||Construction of Victoria Tower.|
|1847||Construction of naval base and forts started in Alderney.|
|1848|| Maj.-Gen. John Bell appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
Railway company shipping services started.
|1849||Cholera epidemic kills many.|
|1850|| Parochial education reorganised.|
St Peter Port Arsenal built.
|1 Apr 1853||An earthquake occurs.|
|1853||Laying of the foundation stone of the new harbour|
|1854||St Matthew's Church, Cobo opened.|
|1854||Maj.-Gen. William Thomas Knollys appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
|1855||Maj.-Gen. George Judd Harding appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
|1855||Victor Hugo exiled to Guernsey by French Government|
|1859||Maj.-Gen. John Marcus Slade appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
|14 Aug 1859||Second visit of Queen Victoria to Guernsey.|
|9 Sep 1859||Submarine telegraph cable first operates.|
|1860-62||Construction of Les Hanois Lighthouse.|
|1862-65||Construction of St Stephens Church.|
|1862-70||Telegraph services suspended.|
|Sep 1862||Visit of Duke of Cambridge to Guernsey.|
|1864||Maj.-Gen. Charles Rochfort Scott appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
|1869||Lieut.-Gen. Edward Frome appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
|12 Sep 1869||Severe storm.|
|1870|| Publication of George Métivier's Dictionnaire Franco-Normand.|
Grange Club opens.
|Apr 1873||St Julian's Avenue opens.|
|1874|| Maj.-Gen. Hon. St George G. Foley appointed Lieutenant-Governor.|
St Barnabas Church opened.
|1882|| Guille-Allès Library founded.|
La Société Guernesiaise established
|1883||Jean de Havilland Utermarck appointed Bailiff.|
|1884||(Sir) Edgar MacCulloch appointed Bailiff.|
|1895||(Sir) Thomas Godfrey Carey appointed Bailiff.|
|1897|| Guernsey Telephone Council established.|
Guernsey Evening Press established.
|1899-1902||Second Anglo-Boer War.|