The Anthoines can be traced in New England to Nicholas Anthoine, who is said to have been the cabin boy who married the ship captain's daughter after arriving from a voyage from Jersey about 1754.
The family story is that Ebenezer Hawkes kidnapped Nicholas from a port in Jersey at the age of ten, and voyaged with him to Marblehead, Massachusetts.
Here is what was recorded in a family publication in 1855:
- "Marblehead extended clear into Maine in the early history of New England, and when a band of settlers came north and wrested a home from the virgin forest of the Pine Tree State, they called the settlement New Marblehead, which later became Windham, Maine. Just when Nicholas Anthoine came to New Marblehead, or whether he came at all, is not known, but it seems probable that he did so, for he married as a second wife Rebecca Legrow, and the Legrows are an old Windham family.
- "The three children of Nicholas and Rachel Hawkes were John, Rachel, and Nicholas. John entered the American service during the revolutionary war as a drummer in Col Glover's regiment, later served six months on board the brigantine Freedom, and finally sailing away with Paul Jones is supposed to have been lost during the battle of the Bon Homme Richard and the Serapis.
- "Rachel was the first person buried in the Friends' burying ground in Windham, Maine, and Nicholas was left the sole surviving representative to carry down the name. There was a daughter by this second marriage with Rebecca Legrow, but she died childless.
- "Nicholas Anthoine jnr also served in the war for American Independence, entering as a private with Capt Reed's company, Col McGuff's regiment, which was raised for the defense of Boston. He married Anna Pettingill of Windham, and there lived and died. He was a man of note in the settlement, on account of his scholarship and attainments.
- "He had but a few weeks at school, but seemed to have grasped the rudiments of the various branches sufficiently to enable him to carry on his studies independently at home. He learned, and afterwards taught, Latin, Greek, and French. He studied surveying and was in demand to survey land in the township; an old map which he made was used but a few years ago when an unsuccessful attempt was made to divide the town.
- "The younger people looked with wonder upon the telescope he owned, and the older ones drew from his knowledge of roots, herbs and trees. His knowledge and love for botany was great; it is said that he knew the name, habitat and uses of all the flora of the settlement, as well as plants that did not grow in the immediate vicinity. He had read medicine and could prescribe for the lesser ailments, and often did, for medical aid was hard to get, doctors being few and far between.
- "He was a musician, and also something of an artist. There is an illuminated family record still existing, the property of Charles Anthoine of Windham, which is an evidence of both his skill as an artist, and his knowledge of botany, for he made the colors he used from local sources, such as roots and barks. This facility with pen and brush was shown in several of his children, particularly his daughters Mary and Charlotte. This kindly, cheerful, versatile ancestor lived to be 74 years of age, known throughout the township as Master Anthoine, and his versatility and kindly disposition have been transmitted to the younger generation until they are marked traits of the family. The seven living children of this remarkable man were born between the years 1792 and 1806, and these in turn nearly all had large families. Patience being the exception, as she had but two children."
Added in 1917
- "There are 16 living grandchildren of Nicholas and Anna Pettingill Anthoine in this year of 1917, which is sufficient proof that longevity is a feature of the family. The greater number seem to have run to mechanical pursuits, there being but a few physicians and lawyers, and most are decidedly of an inventive turn - an inheritance from their versatile grandfather. These descendants have scattered from the home town to the south and the west, but the most of the descendants of Nicholas Anthoine are to be found in Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts."
- "The fourth son of Nicholas and Rachel (the first two - John and Daniel died in infancy) was Amos Anthoine, born on 20 April 1792. His marriage to Lucy Hall resulted in seven children, the oldest of whom was Harriet, born in 1819. Harriet married Samuel S Watson, and George was the the first of their eight children, born in 1835. George married Anester Ross.”