Philippe Ingouville

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Ingouville Place

Phillipe D'Auvergne Ingouville, who was born about 1757 and died in 1818, was the son of Phillipe Ingouville and Marie le Boutilier. He married Ann Martin (1760- ), the daughter of Isaac Martin and Anne Le Gallais in 1779.

Philippe eventually emigrated to Canada, farming 1000 acres of land on Cape Breton Island, in Nova Scotia. Some authorities credit him with the development of substantial areas of St Helier for housing before his departure for Canada in 1789, whereas others suggest that the development was the work of his brother, George.

Family tree

  • 1 Phillipe Ingouville m Marie le Boutilier
    • 2 Infant Ingouville
    • 2 Phillipe D'Auvergne Ingouville (1757-1818) m Ann Martin (1760-1791), d of Isaac and Anne Le Gallais
      • 3 Philip Ingouville (1780- )
      • 3 William Ingouville (1783-1784)
      • 3 Anne Ingouville (1785- ), married Richard Collier Bernard Marshall DesBarres Gibbons in 1805 at Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia.
      • 3 Charles Ingouville (1785- )
      • 3 Sophia Ingouville (1791- )
    • 2 Charles Ingouville (1759-1785) m Francoise Valpy
    • 2 George Ingouville (1760-1828) m 1, Marie Amiaux; 2, Marie le Gros (1760-1845)
      • 3 George Ingouville m Albina
        • 4 Georgiana Isabella Ingouville m General Sir John William Collman Williams
          • 5 Major General Edward Charles Ingouville-Williams
    • 2 Jean Ingouville (1764- ) m Jeanne le Maistre
    • 2 Clement Ingouville (1765-1843) m Frances Elizabeth Godfray (originally shown as Goopey) - owners of La Maison du Moulin de Pol

Housing development

Philippe, or his brother George, or both, either inherited or acquired a large area of land in the centre of St Helier which he developed as housing in the late 18th century, naming some of the new streets after family members.

Philippe and his family emigrated to Canada in the late 1700s. A Philippe Ingouville, son of Marie, husband of Ann and father of Anne was living in Cape Breton Island after this time and letters he wrote from Jersey to his mother and wife there survive.

George lived at La Fregonniere, a fine house on the outskirts of St Helier, which became the Imperial Hotel, then a Jesuit seminary, and ultimately the Hotel de France, which is still there today. He is also said to have bought Dielament and Ponterrin in 1811.

Emigration

It appears that Philippe Ingouville crossed the Atlantic from Jersey to Cape Breton Island and back several times in the late 1780s. George Balleine's History of Jersey records a letter written in August 1788 from the London firm of Paul Le Masurier and Co to Mrs Anne Ingouville, advising her not to be anxious if her husband appears to be overdue because no vessels had arrivbed from Cape Breton or Quebec. The firm promised to honour a drawing she had made on her husband's account to be debited to him later.

In 1789 Philippe clearly decided to emigrate with his family to seek a better life in Canada because in April that year he announced in La Gazette that he and his family would shortly be leaving for Cape Breton, and he hoped to employ Jersey labour there. It appears that his mother Marie, his wife Anne, and their children, were the first to leave, because letters written to them in July 1789 survive, and are held in the Ingouville Family Fonds, at the Beaton Institute, Cape Breton University.

The Ingouville family settled at Sydney Forks, on the island. It is interesting that the correspondence shows that English was the language of the Ingouville family at this time when the majority of islanders in Jersey spoke French.

Balleine records that in June 1789 Ingouville put his furniture up for sale, together with his stock of building materials and lime, and sailed to Sydney, Cbreton Island, on his ship Kenton. When he reached there he began to farm 1000 acres of land with 40 workers. He built the first seagoing vessel in Sydney Harbour, where a street is still named after him, as are those back home in St Helier.

His daughter Anne married into a Nova Scotia legal family, and her descendants have preserved family documents which confirms their links to the first Ingouville in the St Saviour registers in Jersey in 1603.

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